Christians celebrate important holidays in many different ways, the most important of which are Christmas, Lent and Holy Week, All Souls' Day, as well as many local fiestas honouring patron saints and especially the Virgin Mary. %%EOF 0000008899 00000 n It is interesting to notice that in order “to Christianize the pagan Filipino, top |a A history of Christianity in the Philippines |c T. Valentino Sitoy, Jr. 264 1 |a Quezon City |b New Day Publ. He arrived in Cebu from New Spain (now Mexico), where Spain introduced Christianity and colonisation in the Philippines took place. 0000001405 00000 n In 1962, an American anthropologist uncovered fossilized bone fragments from a human skull that are around 47,000 years old. Early Arabians had heard the gospel from Peter the Apostle at Jerusalem (Acts 2:11), as well as evangelized by Paul's ministry in Arabia (Galatians 1:17) and also by the evangelistic ministry of St Thomas. 0000006147 00000 n In order to achieve this, Spain had three principal objectives in its policy towards the Philippines: the first was to secure Spanish control and acquisition of a share in the spice trade; use the islands in developing contact with Japan and China in order to further Christian missionaries’ efforts there; and lastly to spread their religion.[10]. The History of the Establishment and Expansion of Christianity in the Philippines Christianity in the Philippines dates back to the Spanish colonization. xref Adapted from the ancient Filipino art of orally transmitting poems through chant, the devotion is usually performed by groups of individuals, each member chanting in shifts to ensure complete, unbroken recitation of the text. 30. Filipinos living and working in Metro Manila and occasionally those from the diaspora often return to their respective home provinces and towns to observe these holidays with their birth families, much like the practise in Mainland China for traditional holidays. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. With his arrival in Cebu on March 17, 1521, his first attempt was to colonize the islands and to Christianise its inhabitants. 21 0 obj <> endobj After the service, worshippers eat or buy a breakfast of traditional delicacies that are sold in churchyards, the most common being puto bumbóng and bibingka. Prior to the arrival of Catholic missionaries and explorers from Spain, Islam had been introduced in the Philippines in the late 14th century through trade with merchants … startxref 21 17 [11] He then established the first Permanent Spanish Settlement in Cebu in 1565. Philippines. Sitoy's work is one more contribution to Christianity's history in the Philippines, a task spurred on by the fourth centennial celebrations of the Christianization of the country held in 1965. The first Europeans to Japan came from Portugal and landed on Kyushu in western Japan in 1542, bringing both gunpowder and Christianity along with them. In addition, most any place that has a patron saint (often barangays, towns, Catholic schools, and almost every church) holds a fiesta, where the saint's image is processed and feted with traditional foods, funfairs, and live entertainment on his/her feast day, which is often declared a holiday for the area. 0000001315 00000 n Cebu—Cradle of the Philippine Church and Seat of Far-East Christianity Philippine Church history began on Easter Sunday, March 31, 1521 when the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan landed in the tiny island of Limasawa and there they celebrated the very first mass in Philippine soil. Thus, the Church and Christianity is an integral part of Philippine history and culture. ROMAN CATHOLICISM IN THE PHIL| A BRIEF HISTO FIESTAS: If there is one Catholic tradition the Spaniards left the Filipinos with, it’s the celebration of a patron saint's feast. Philippines history is as interesting as the history of any other country, and it goes back a long time. <]>> The YMCA, for example, was established in Manila in 1904. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 0000006235 00000 n Father Picardal pointed out that the Church played an important role through various periods in Philippine history, from the time of the Philippine Revolution in 1896 down to the American colonial period, the immediate post-World War II era, the martial law years, and even now under President Rodrigo Duterte’s authoritarian rule, marked by a bloody war on drugs. Church history Additional Physical Format: Online version: Sitoy, T. Valentino, 1939-History of Christianity in the Philippines. Here, it is prominently depicted as the Magellan’s cross. Later, these Arab traders along with Persian Nestorians, stopped by the Philippines on their way to Southern China for trade purposes. And this is indeed something to celebrate, for in 500 years the Christian faith in the country has not only survived but has been a strong influence in … Magellan (or one of his men) was able to cure or help the young boy, and in gratitude Humabon allowed himself, his chief consort Humamay, and 800 of his subjects to be baptised en masse. Christmas is the biggest holiday, and one of its most beloved rites is the Simbang Gabi or Misa de Gallo, a series of Masses held before dawn in the nine days preceding Christmas Day. Description: The Philippines is the 5th largest Christian country on Earth, with about 90% of the population being adherents. The Philippines ranked as the 5th largest Christian country on Earth in 2010[update],[note 1] with about 93% of the population being adherents. endstream endobj 22 0 obj<> endobj 23 0 obj<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB]>>/Type/Page>> endobj 24 0 obj<> endobj 25 0 obj<> endobj 26 0 obj<>stream Fenella Cannell, 1999, Power and Intimacy in the Christian Philippines. CEBU CITY – The Roman Catholic Church in the country has bared the series of events to highlight the commemoration of the 500th anniversary of … H��Uko�H��_1�Tn����J%ew[ ��jUU+�:�W�f������c�PWH`3s�=��sg����@�S�YB�����2�)y_F7Q���1b$#�$�.�%�$����b��H�#��ߟD�dKh��`K4� � The Philippines has two lines of … The Philippines is the 5th largest Christian country on Earth, with about 90% of the population being adherents. Filipino historians like Dr. Renato Constantino asserted that no Philippine history can be complete without a study of Muslim development (1990:29). His work attempts to tell "not … For most Filipinos, the belief in God permeates many aspects of life. After Magellan, Miguel López de Legazpi conquered the Islamised Kingdom of Maynila in 1570. Gregorio Aglipay, the founder of Iglesia Filipina Independiente. 500 Years of Christianity In 2021 the Philippines will mark half a millennium of Christianity in the country. David J. Steinberg, 1982, The Philippines: A Singular and a Plural Place. Filipino infants and individuals are more often than not expected to be baptised as Christians to affirm faith in Christ and membership in a specific denomination.[12]. However, no solid efforts were made to evangelize the native population. Spain introduced Christianity to the Philippines in 1565 with the arrival of Miguel Lopez de Legaspi. 0000000016 00000 n The Visita Iglesia is the praying of the Stations of the Cross in several churches (often numbering seven) on either Maundy Thursday or Good Friday. The Philippines is approximately 85 percent Christian (mostly Roman Catholic), 10 percent Muslim, and 5 percent 'other' religions, including the Taoist-Buddhist religious beliefs of Chinese and the 'indigenous' animistic beliefs of some peoples in upland areas that resisted 300 years of Spanish colonial rule. Earlier, beginning in 1350, Islam had been spreading northward from Indonesia into the Philippine archipelago. Theatre troupes or towns meanwhile stage Passion plays called Senákulo, which are similar to its European predecessors in that there is no universal text, that actors and crew are often ordinary townsfolk, and that it depicts Biblical scenes related to Salvation History other than the Passion. 0000000856 00000 n [1] As of 2019[update], it was the third largest Catholic country in the world (the first two being Brazil and Mexico) and was one of two predominantly Catholic nations in Asia (the other being East Timor). Most Philippine communities, with the exception of the Muslim sultanates in Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago, were fairly small and lacking in complex centralised authority. Christianity then spread through the missionary work of his apostles, first in the Levant and taking roots in the major cities such as Jerusalem and Antioch. 0 [2], According to the National Statistics Office's national census for the year 2010, an estimated 90.1% of Filipinos are Christians which consists of 80.6% Catholic, 2.7% Evangelical, 2.4% Iglesia ni Cristo, 1.0% Aglipayan, and 3.4% other Christian groups including other Protestant denominations (Baptist, Pentecostal, Anglican, Methodist, and Seventh-day Adventist) as well as Orthodox. With the spread of Islam in Arabia, much of the Christian heritage of Arabia had ended and the Arab travelers focused more on spreading Islam to Mindanao,[6] through which they transmitted the knowledge of Jesus as a prophet to the Moro people. If there is a tangible memory the first circumnavigation of world left in the Philippines, it is the sacred image of the Child Jesus. x�b```f``�����0۟����2�@q� �?�``������z��v��Wa�>��30 �u10H�E��20103�2�0�0�0�0�302[3�2ݞsh6� ����l@����0a`R� Ҍ@� � �0� The Philippines is approximately 85 percent Christian (mostly Roman Catholic), 10 percent Muslim, and 5 percent 'other' religions, including the Taoist-Buddhist religious beliefs of Chinese and the 'indigenous' animistic beliefs of some peoples in upland areas that resisted 300 years of Spanish colonial rule. 0000005138 00000 n A History of Christianity in the Philippines: The initial encounter Volume 1 of A History of Christianity in the Philippines, T. Valentino Sitoy Author T. Valentino Sitoy Publisher New Day Publishers, 1985 Original from the University (other two nations are Brazil and Mexico). 0000001226 00000 n Beginning with Ash Wednesday, Lent has a sombre mood that becomes more pronounced as Holy Week (Semana Santa) arrives. The Spanish missionaries were able to spread Christianity in Luzon and the Visayas, but the diverse array of ethno-linguistic groups in the highland areas of Luzon avoided Spanish annexation owing to their remote and difficult mountainous region. trailer Unión Espiritista Cristiana de Filipinas, Inc. Atheism, Agnosticism and other forms of Irreligion, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christianity_in_the_Philippines&oldid=971906251, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Majority throughout the country (except in the. 0000000636 00000 n A history of Christianity in the Philippines by T. Valentino Sitoy, 1985, New Day Publishers edition, in English On 14 April 2021, the Philippines will celebrate the first baptism in the country, which is featured in the logo of 500 Year of Christianity, led by the Archdiocese of Cebu. Christian Church History in the Philippines 5121, Roman Catholicism in the Philippines In 1521, the Portuguese navigator and explorer Ferdinand Magellan, under Spain’s service (Spanish Expedition), was on a mission to discover the “Spice Islands.” He … This absence of centralised power meant that a minority of Spanish explorers were able to convert larger numbers of indigenous peoples than attempting such in larger, more organized, dominions such as the Indianised or Theravada Buddhist kingdoms in mainland Southeast Asia, the Malay Peninsula and the Indonesian Archipelago. They had trade contacts with early Malayan Rajahs and Datos that had ruled these various Islands. Quezon City, Philippines : New Day … The story goes that Magellan met with Rajah Humabon, ruler of the island of Cebu, who had an ill grandson. After Magellan died, the Spanish later sent Miguel López de Legazpi. Led by Father Urdaneta, Spanish Augustinian friars moved from Mexico to the Philippines upon the request of Philip II and became the first official Catholic missionaries in the country. Fasting and abstinence is undertaken throughout the season and traditional taboos are enforced on Good Friday, usually after 3:00 p.m. PHT (UTC+8)—the time Christ is said to have died—all through Black Saturday until the Easter Vigil. Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. Sultanates in Mindanao retained the Islamic faith, which had been present in the southern Philippines since some time between the 10th and 12th century, had slowly spread north throughout the archipelago, particularly in coastal areas. 0000008081 00000 n 37 0 obj<>stream Devotees attend each Mass (which is different from the otherwise Advent liturgy of the day elsewhere) in anticipation of Christ's birth and to honour the Virgin Mary, along with the belief that attending the novena ensures fulfilment of a favour requested of God. As with Christmas and Lent, most Filipinos also return home in the period (the third most important in the calendar), but with the main intent of visiting and cleaning ancestral tombs. Around 5.6%[3] of the whole country is Muslim; about 1-2% are Buddhist; 1.8% of the entire population adheres to other independent religions, while 1.0% to 11.0%[4] are irreligious. Practises include the continuous melodic recital of the Pasyón, a 17th-century epic poem which narrates Biblical stories and the life of Christ, with a focus on the Passion narrative (hence its name). The history of the Philippine Muslims is part of the backbone of the historical development of the whole country. 5 5Throughout several years of Pew Research studies on global restrictions on religion, the Philippines consistently has displayed a “low” level of government restrictions on religion. 0000000918 00000 n Many historians have claimed that the Philippines peacefully accepted Spanish rule; the reality is that many insurgencies and rebellions continued on small scales in different places through the Hispanic colonial period. They had trade contacts with early Malayan Rajahs and Datos that had ruled these various Islands. [7][8], In 1521, the Portuguese navigator and explorer Ferdinand Magellan under the service of Spain came across the Philippines while searching for the Spice Islands. Early Arabians had heard the gospel from Peter the Apostle at Jerusalem (Acts 2:11), as well as evangelized by Paul's ministry in Arabia (Galatians 1:17) and also by the evangelistic ministry of St Thomas. It is also one of two predominantly Roman Catholic nations in Asia (the other being East Timor) and, as of 2010[update], was the third largest Catholic country in the world. Catholicismin the PHILIPPINES TODAY Roman Catholics worship God through its Liturgy or the sacrament of the Eucharist, through mass usually every Sunday of the week. Early Christian presence in the Malay archipelago and the Philippine Islands may be traced to Arab Christiantraders from the Arabian Peninsula. 0000003292 00000 n Later, these Arab traders along with Persian Nestorians, stopped by … The second most important religious season is Lent, which commemorates Christ's Passion and Death, ending with Easter which celebrates the Resurrection. 500 Years of Christianity in the Philippines THE ELEMENTS The CROSS signifies the Christian sign of salvation. |c 19XX- 336 |a Text |b txt |2 rdacontent 337 |a ohne … At this time period, almost nothing was known to the West of the Philippines and so information on most pre-Hispanic societies in the islands date to the early period of Spanish contact. Some lords, especially on Kyushu, and Japan's upcoming leader Oda Nobunaga welcomed these new visitors for the weapons they brought with them and tolerated the missionaries that came together as part of the package. ", Bastion of Truth Reformed Churches in the Philippines, Christian and Missionary Alliance Churches of the Philippines, Christian Reformed Church in the Philippines, Church of the Foursquare Gospel in the Philippines, Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ (4th Watch), Philippines General Council of the Assemblies of God, Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches, Evangelical Methodist Church in the Philippine Islands, United Church of Christ in the Philippines, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Philippine Benevolent Missionaries Association. Television and radio limit broadcasting hours and air mostly inspirational programming alongside the days' religious services; newspapers are also on hiatus, while shopping malls and most restaurants are closed to allow employees to return home. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [9] This resistance to Western intrusion makes this story an important part of the nationalist history of the Philippines. allowed Christianity to take r oot, develop, and dominate in the Philippines. Communities also hold the Santacruzan, which is part-procession honouring the finding of the Cross (on its old Galician date), and part-fashion show for a town's maidens. The National Council of Churches in the Philippines, a community of Protestant churches, was formed in 1963. This page was last edited on 9 August 2020, at 00:04. This settlement became the capital of the new Spanish colony, with Legazpi as its first governor. Other observances include All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day in November, which are taken as one season called Undás (traditionally known in English as Allhallowtide). [5], Early Christian presence in the Malay archipelago and the Philippine Islands may be traced to Arab Christian traders from the Arabian Peninsula. 0000005229 00000 n January itself has two important Christological feasts: the Feast of the Translation of the Black Nazarene on January 9, where the image is returned to its shrine in Quiapo Church in a day-long procession of millions; and the Feast of the Santo Niño de Cebú (Holy Child Jesus) every Third Sunday of January, with the largest celebrations being held in Cebu City.[9]. Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, "Philippines still top Christian country in Asia, 5th in world", "Timor-Leste: A young nation with strong faith and heavy burdens", http://www2.ttcn.ne.jp/~honkawa/9460.html, "Islam : What Do Muslims Think About Jesus? 0000002377 00000 n Examples of patronal fiestas are the Nativity of St John the Baptist every June 24, where communities under his patronage would celebrate his summertime birth by splashing other people with water, and the triduum of feasts known as the Obando Fertility Rites held in mid-May, where devotees dance for fertility in a custom that has ancient animist roots. Popular holiday spots such as Boracay often dispense with these customs, while many people use the long holiday for overseas travel instead of observing the traditional rites. Ferdinand Magellan and his men landed in Cebu Island in central Philippines.[9]. Holy Week in the Philippines is a period especially rich in centuries-old tradition, which have undertones from indigenous customs and beliefs that date back to the pre-Christian period. Christianity in Asia has its roots in the very inception of Christianity, which originated from the life and teachings of Jesus in 1st-century Roman Judea. Cebu is a province in the Philippines consisting of the Cebu Island and many other surrounding islands. sion between the traditional religion of the native Filipinos and Catholicism. 0000004231 00000 n 0000007149 00000 n Processions are a staple throughout the week, the most important being on Holy Wednesday, Good Friday (where the burial of Christ is reenacted with a town's Santo Entierro image) and the joyous Salubong that precedes the first Mass on Easter Sunday. %PDF-1.6 %���� p�$y4��翓���h�>Y �!�����]��9hkI�=��I�70���׮�e2������;4P�Î�o-���/r`&,~]]�"B�n'2F�����|�p��:!NU�K���|P�&[\���"�M��[N�7�c�]_�w���"o�\N&��P����s��S���&_߾���z!YK��8j�����qK`� �^�@�,�'J��5`����@�'��p�X�yI|��ċ��`�X�����C���j�y�Lo���8��SoQ�H�x����5aƂR�����>Ok+L#��&��9h��g�W9. In May, the Flores de Mayo (literally, "Flowers of May") is when small altars are bedecked with flowers in honour of the Virgin Mary. 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