FRQ Review Last Lesson: Semantic Encoding Overlearning Massed Practice Proactive Interference Definition: Semantic encoding involves a variety of methods for putting information into memory by emphasizing meaning through deep … Divergent Thinking Example: Divergent thinking is thinking in unsual ways when trying to solve problems. ... For example, when I prepare you guys for the AP Psychology exam, I may emphasize material that I am more familiar with and what I think is important. ... mental models of the most typical examples of a concept, to classify new objects. 1. Because AP Psych Review Video 5.7-5.8, 5.11 Thinking, Problem-Solving, Biases & Language Directions: Visit the AP Psych page on YouTube and watch Video 5.7-5.11. AP Psychology Self-Study and Homeschool. ... • Convergent thinking • Informational social influence • Defense mechanism of regression . That’s closer to the budget and guests can easily travel there. Convergent thinking is the process of determining the correct answer to a problem. Picture this. One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. You can’t just set your heart on Disney World without considering practical factors, like budget or location. Convergent and divergent thinking require two different parts of the brain. You may decide to make the event Disney-themed, for example, to have a fun event without shelling out the costs of actually going to Florida. Required fields are marked. The possibilities are endless. The distinction between divergent and convergent thinking implies a dichotomy. The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. Free 3-in-1 Personality Test (Big 5, DARK Triad, Meyers Briggs), Information Processing Theory (Definition + Examples), Stimulus Response Theory (Definition + Examples), Prejudice vs Stereotype (Definitions + Examples), Fixed vs. Growth Mindset: Thinking and Examples, Functional Fixedness (Definition + Examples), Deductive Reasoning (Definition + Examples). Now, let’s go back to the first example. One person comes up with a solution, but it’s immediately shot down by another coworker. ... Convergent Thinking. How can you make this situation more productive? Figuring out the solution to a problem is its only goal, and emphasizes oneval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'psychestudy_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',128,'0','0'])); Convergent thinking doesn’t always involve seeking out new procedures to solve the problem; rather it focuses on finding the best solution for a problem by hook or crook. Convergent Vs Divergent Thinking, Differences; Convergent Thinking Divergent Thinking; The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. Or, a medical student can be either a doctor or nothing. Cite this article as: Praveen Shrestha, "Convergent Thinking," in, https://www.psychestudy.com/cognitive/thinking/convergent, Psychological Steps Involved in Problem Solving, Types of Motivation: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation, The Big Five personality traits (Five-factor Model), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Client Centered Therapy (Person Centered Therapy), Detailed Procedure of Thematic Apperception test. 2. Everyone sits down together in a room and starts to brainstorm. Muhammad has been in his school cafeteria hundreds of times. Convergent thinking is the tool, also used in creative problem solving. Having been told that Syd is an engineer andFran is an elementary school teacher, when Arnold meets the couple for the first time, he assumes that Syd is the husband and Fran is the wife, rather than the opposite, which is the case. Convergent production is the deductive generation of the best single answer to a set problem, usually where there is a compelling inference. What about a big outdoor party with tents? Or at the new hotel that is opening down the street? computers: an analogy for the mind/brain. • Do NOT score examples negating extrinsic motivation alone (e.g., “Sachio is not doing it just to earn the scholarship”). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. You’re at work and your team has a big problem to solve. {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}, Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). This is an option too, but only if the cost for lights, heating, and the tents actually did fit in the budget. Now it’s time to focus on other elements of the event. You’ve found your solution. This break could be an overnight break - many people have their best creative ideas when they are sleeping, showering, or thinking about other things. The capacity to produce unusual uses is but one example of the general cognitive ability to engage in divergent thinking (Guilford, 1967). 1950s: psychology resumes focus on the mind and mental processes. Remember, you are expanding what is possible, not limiting it. ... Convergent thinking is thinking that is pointed towards one solution. It requires us to learn things in order to get good scores in exams. No wonder the group became worn out so fast! Mind maps are the best way to put the results of divergent thinking on paper. Convergent thinking is considered black and white, while divergent thinking has gray areas. Learn more about convergent thinking, how it affects people, and more. This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. The new hotel down the street? There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. • Do NOT score examples of satisfying a physiological drive. For instance, John Kennedy used convergent thinking to figure out that America could beat Russia into space by sending a man on the moon and NASA team employed divergent thinking in developing the equipment and lunar modules. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in … Your email address will not be published. physical brain = hardware The term convergent thinking is defined as the process of finding the single best solution to a problem or question, such as arriving at the answer to a multiple choice question or figuring out how to program your VCR.Coined by J. P. Guilford in 1950, convergent thinking is a process that seeks out the right or best possible solution from many possibilities. Convergent thinking is a fundamental tool in a child's education.Today, most educational opportunities are tied to one's performance on standardized tests that are often multiple choice in nature. Would you have to worry about noise complaints? When you think about “brainstorming,” you are thinking about divergent thinking. Convergent Thinking Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or to make informed decisions is known as thinking convergently. Their brain had to switch back and forth, too. A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. I included an example of unconventional thinking in my book, Finding Meaning (3rd. Start studying AP Psych Ch 7: Cognition and Language. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Psychology Definition of CONVERGENT THINKING: the kind of critical thinking wherein a person examines a quantity of previously developed … Using inspiration from your previous brainstorms, you can truly make your event the greatest it can be, or solve any problem efficiently. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. These two cognitive approaches, when used appropriately, can be used to solve just about any problem that you face. a mode of thinking … Now, let’s go back to the first example. Responses that simply parrot or repeat the terms from the question will not score. AP Psychology - Cognition - Memory 40 Terms. While convergent thinking relies more on logic, divergent thinking relies more on creativity. Then, hold a meeting that is focused solely on convergent thinking. Location. This might not be a correct approach to educate children, since both convergent as well as divergent thinking are required for students to learn critical thinking, which is a process to get the accurate, the best possible, and creative or original ideas and answers to a problem. (2020, June). Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. And multitasking is not as effective as you may think. Example: Cindy would have to use divergent thinking if her professor asked her to think of a hundred different uses for a fork. Such thinking is often described as linear. Convergent thinking looks for gradual emergence of a solution and proceeds on the assumption that the knowledge, ideas, principles and directions of thinking already known are to a large extent correct. ... making us unique. Let’s start by talking about divergent thinking. The solutions derived by using convergent thinking process are the most accurate ones most of the time. edition). In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. The amount of people that you expect to attend the event. Let’s say you’re planning an event, and trying to figure out where to have the event. One day, to illustrate the nature of forgetting, Muhammad's teacher asks him how many pillars there are in the cafeteria. In the convergent thinking process, choice is deliberate and conscious. Thus, knowledge is an important aspect of creativity. This part of the thinking process requires looking for fallacies and potential problems. Knowledge, being the source of ideas, creates a map for solutions and separates criteria of uniqueness and efficiency. It is often contrasted with divergent thinking, a process of creative thinking that questions and probes a topic rather than calculating a logically correct answer. This is opposite from divergent thinking in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. We shall look at a few of them. Harvard instructors like Anne Manning suggest another approach to convergent and divergent thinking. cmaurerleps TEACHER. Free-Response Questions Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. Start studying AP Psych Chapter 7 Examples(B). 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